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Thank you Ron .
Ron ,can you comment St Thomas Aquinas writings re sins against the Holy Spirit .Thank you
I’ll look that up when I have some time.
St. Thomas in the Summa Theologica gives three different interpretations of this sin. The correct interpretation is found in St. Augustine, that Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit is final impenitence. However, no one alive has committed that sin, since final impenitence means refusing, through the last moment of life, to repent from actual mortal sin.
The CCC says this:
1864 “Whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit never has forgiveness, but is guilty of an eternal sin.” There are no limits to the mercy of God, but anyone who deliberately refuses to accept his mercy by repenting, rejects the forgiveness of his sins and the salvation offered by the Holy Spirit. Such hardness of heart can lead to final impenitence and eternal loss.
So in addition to Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit itself, there are sins that are proximate to that sin, i.e. sins that MAY lead to final impenitence, such as rejecting the very idea of sin, rejecting the Sacraments, rejecting the grace of God, or habitually refusing to repent from any sins at all.
But only final impenitence is per se the sin of Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.
Dear Mr. Ron Conte Jr.,
If you please, would you think it good to make a general recommendation about how to approach selecting Church documents– Papal Encyclicals, and related– to read? And in what order of priority?
I believe I’ve seen you recommend Veritatis Splendor a few times in your comments. Do you have a list that you would especially recommend?
Or would it be good to just start with the most current and then work backwards chronologically?
Or, to look for the subjects of most pressing relevance at one’s current point of inquiry- starting with the most current documents and working back from there?
(I listened to many of Pope Leo XIII’s encyclicals in audiobook format on YouTube, and really valued them.)
Thank you very much.
Council of Trent
Vatican II, Lumen Gentium
and after that, choose encyclicals based on the topic
Also, see these quotations here
That is great!
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