Category Archives: Popes

Proof that Each Pope is Chosen by God

The papal critics lay the foundation for their assaults on Pope Francis (soon to be known as: Pope Saint Francis I) by asserting falsehoods to use a premises for their faulty arguments and false assertions. The cornerstone of this foundation … Continue reading

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Three Gifts that make Each Pope the Rock

The list of quotes from Church documents without commentary is here: The Roman Pontiff: Immunity from Error and Never-failing Faith ( Each Pope has three gifts, not three only, but three pertaining to the possibility of error. 1. Papal Infallibility … Continue reading


Pope Saint Paul VI on the Smoke of Satan

The often-quoted assertion of Pope Saint Paul VI, that “the smoke of Satan has entered the temple of God from some fissure”, is almost as often misinterpreted. The book “Infiltration” misrepresents the quote as if it confirms that Satan has … Continue reading

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On Filial and Fraternal Correction of the Holy Pontiff

Paul corrected Peter. Paul? You mean Paul the Apostle? Paul was sent by the first Roman Pontiff Peter to be in charge of preaching to the Gentiles. Paul saw a vision of Jesus Christ on the road to Damascus. Paul … Continue reading

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Better Church Governance is Violating Universi Dominici Gregis

and the penalty is a latae sententiae (automatic) excommunication. Pope Saint John Paul II wrote the rules governing each papal conclave in the document: Universi Dominici Gregis. Those rules are still in effect, and they include a prohibition against individuals … Continue reading

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Which Popes Are Valid?

Book Discussion: The Indefectibility of the Pope Chapter 1: Which Popes Are Valid? Pope Saint John Paul II: “After his acceptance, the person elected, if he has already received episcopal ordination, is immediately Bishop of the Church of Rome, true … Continue reading

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Can a Pope be Excommunicated?

There are two types of excommunication: (1) the kind issued as a judgment in a particular case (ferendae sententiae) (2) the automatic kind (latae sententiae) (1) The first kind cannot be issued against the Pope, since no higher authority on … Continue reading

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Faithfulness in Disagreeing with Any Roman Pontiff

The Catholic faithful are required under pain of mortal sin and excommunication, to avoid heresy and schism, to believe what the Magisterium teaches as doctrine, and to accept the authority of the Church over discipline. But we also have the … Continue reading

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A Call To Faith

Suppose that a Pope, any Pope at all, issues a papal document, containing a new definition of dogma. In this hypothetical, everyone agrees that the teaching meets all of the conditions for it to be infallible under Papal Infallibility. However, … Continue reading

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On the Never-failing Faith of Each Pope

The First Vatican Council infallibly taught the following. “For the holy Spirit was promised to the successors of Peter not so that they might, by his revelation, make known some new doctrine, but that, by his assistance, they might religiously … Continue reading


The Indefectibility of the Church, the Pope, and the body of Bishops

It is a dogma of the ordinary and universal Magisterium that the Church is indefectible. She can never go astray from the path of salvation and She can never lead anyway astray from the path of salvation. This dogma is … Continue reading

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If I lived in the time of past Popes

If I lived in the time of Pope Honorius, I would hold him to be the valid successor of Peter and defend him against any accusation that he has taught or committed heresy. I suppose I would have realized that … Continue reading

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Fr. Iannuzzi asks Can a Pope Become a Heretic?

Rev. Joseph L. Iannuzzi, STD, Ph.D. has written an in-depth article answering the question: Can a Pope Become a Heretic? [PDF file] Please download a copy and take the time to read it. Rev. Joseph Leo Iannuzzi is a doctoral … Continue reading

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What is the role of the Holy Spirit in papal elections?

Mirus’ View Over at, Jeff Mirus takes a dim view of the work of the Holy Spirit when the Cardinals of the universal Church gather to elect the next Vicar of Christ. His post, On the role of the … Continue reading

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Does the Holy Spirit choose the Pope?

Each Roman Pontiff, for many generations now, has been chosen by a conclave of Cardinals. Most Cardinals are Bishops, so they are ordained to the episcopal degree and certainly are able to exercise the non-infallible Magisterium individually. Each Bishop can … Continue reading


Did Pope Paul VI approve of contraception for nuns in the Congo? No!

It is commonly said, in discussions on the use of contraception for a good purpose or in a dire circumstance, that Blessed Pope Paul VI approved of the use of contraception by nuns in the Congo (during the revolutions of … Continue reading

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Can A Pope Go To Hell?

Certainly a Cardinal, Bishop, priest, deacons, monk, nun, or any layperson can possibly die unrepentant from actual mortal sin and suffer eternal punishment in Hell. It is the teaching of the Church that not all Christians will reach eternal life … Continue reading

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Papal Infallibility and the Canonization of Saints

Currently, it is the opinion of a majority of Catholic theologians that the canonization of Saints by the Pope is an exercise of papal infallibility. The Congregation for the Causes of the Saints (CCS) supports this opinion. And some Bishops … Continue reading


Who can be elected Pope?

Fr. Z.’s comments on who can be elected Pope are here. He has some good points. I’ll give a similar but more expansive answer. The Pope is the Bishop of Rome; he is the head of the college of Bishops, … Continue reading


Pope Francis: orthodox liberal

Pope Francis is a type of Catholic that many conservatives think does not exist: orthodox and yet liberal. I look forward to reading his first encyclical. The encyclical on faith was written almost entirely by Pope emeritus Benedict. This providentially … Continue reading