1. Was St. Joseph resurrected?
No. Only Jesus and the virgin Mary have received the resurrection. St. Joseph is in heaven in soul only, not in body. The Virgin Mary told Saint Bridget that there are no resurrected human bodies in the Heaven, except those of Jesus and Mary. “Know, too, that there is no human body in Heaven but the glorious body of my Son and mine.”
2. What are some acceptable reasons for missing Mass?
One needs only a just reason, not a grave reason, for missing Mass without sin, for example: an illness such as a cold or the flu; the need to care for the sick, the very young, or the elderly; a job that does not permit one to get to Mass on a particular weekend; traveling and unable to get to Mass, etc.
The faithful need not make heroic efforts to fulfill the duty to attend Mass. However, even if you do not attend Mass for some reason, you must still worship God and keep holy the Sabbath in some manner.
3. When does a morally neutral act become sin?
Acts which are termed “morally neutral” are simply those acts which are morally permissible, but not virtuous, such as going for a walk, having a meal, etc. These acts do not become sin.
There are three fonts (sources) of morality. An act is a sin if it has one or more bad fonts: intention, object, circumstances. See this article.
4. Is lying a mortal sin?
It is always a sin to lie, that is, to deliberately and knowingly assert a falsehood (or deny a truth). The act of lying is intrinsically evil because it is inherently immoral by the very nature of the act. The font called object is bad, so the act is a sin.
Any act is a mortal sin if the intention or object or circumstances are gravely disordered. Any act with a gravely immoral intention is a mortal sin. Any act with a gravely immoral object is a mortal sin. Any act is a mortal sin if, in the totality of the foreseeable consequences of that act for all persons concerned, the reasonably anticipated bad consequences morally outweigh, to a grave extent, the reasonably anticipated good consequences.
Most lies are venial sins. Generally speaking, a lie is venial if the intention is good, the circumstances are not grave, and the truth being denied is not of grave moral weight.
5. Please add your theological questions below, in the comments section.
Ronald L. Conte Jr.