Author Archives: franciscofigueroa1

Jesus is our only Mediator and the intercession of the Angels and Saints

Jesus is our only Mediator: Some people confuse the role of Jesus as our only Mediator with the role of the Angels and Saints as our intercessors before Him. Let’s see what kind of mediation Saint Paul refers to when … Continue reading

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Interpreting Sacred Scripture and How do we reconcile Adam and Eve vs Evolution, Dinosaurs, Homo Sapiens?

The Church teaches that God can be known with certainty from: (a) Divine revelation (Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture); and from the created world by (b) the natural light of human reason (CCC# 36-38; Compendium 3 & 4).  Therefore, the Christian faith … Continue reading

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Adam and Eve were Two Real Human Persons

There are some elements from the book of Genesis that can be interpreted as (non-literal) figures or symbols [i].  However, it is a dogma of the Catholic Church that Adam and Eve were literal persons when She teaches that one … Continue reading

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Was there some kind of pain before the Fall?

[Genesis] {3:16} To the woman, he also said: “I will multiply your labors and your conceptions. In pain shall you give birth to sons, and you shall be under your husband’s power, and he shall have dominion over you.” The … Continue reading

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Can we judge people’s intentions? (and more on the Pachamama)

We have to keep in mind that we are limited creatures and, as such, our knowledge is also limited. We are not God.  We are not all-knowing.  Therefore, we can only judge things to the extent that we can see … Continue reading

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What do our Holy Fathers teach about the Pachamama?

Do our Holy Fathers teach that it is an idol? No. Our Holy Fathers Saint John Paul II and Francis refer to it as “Mother Earth” or, in another case, a statue or representation that is not an idol. As … Continue reading

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Non-formal Baptisms – of desire or blood

How could the people of the O.T. have been baptized in order to obtain salvation? *- Saint Paul teaches that, in the O.T., the people of Israel received a non-formal type of baptism: [1 Corinthians 10] {10:1} For I do … Continue reading


Is being subject to Pope’s authority Papolatry?

Some Pope accusers claim that being always faithful to the Pope is being a “Papolater”. This implies that whoever is obedient to Christ by being obedient to our visible Head, the Vicar of Christ, is a Pope-worshiper. Notice that this … Continue reading

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Is Pope Francis trying to change the Lord’s Prayer?

A news headline reads: “Pope Francis wants to change the Lord’s Prayer” [i] among other misleading headlines which give the impression that the Pope wants to “correct” the prayer that Jesus taught us. We Christians believe that Jesus is God. … Continue reading

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Is the Pope changing a dogma on the death penalty?

A related question is: Is the Pope is saying that the death penalty is intrinsically evil? First lets carefully read the new revised numeral (It is ‘new’ because it was previously revised by Pope St. John Paul II as well): “2267 … Continue reading

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Council of Trent on whether a Pope could fall into heresy

Nowhere in the history of the Church there is a Magisterial document teaching that the Supreme Pontiff can fall into heresy, schism, or become an apostate. Quite the contrary, various decrees, such as the Papal Bull Unam Sanctam which teaches that … Continue reading

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How shall we treat the Pope? (Part 3)

Part 2 of this article [here] “Paul corrected Peter, therefore I can correct the Pope” approach: Before going to St. Paul’s teaching to the Galatians, let’s keep in mind the following: St. Paul was an Apostle, but St. Peter’s position was … Continue reading

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How shall we treat the Pope? (Part 2)

Part 1 of this article [here] “The punishment of the offender ought to be in proportion to the dignity of the person wronged. Bishops are called most holy, are Christ’s ambassadors, spiritual fathers, our brothers and fellow bishops, the acknowledged … Continue reading


How shall we treat the Pope? (Part 1)

As Christians, we are called to treat all people with charity, with respect for we have the dignity of having been created in the image and likeness of God (Genesis 1:26) (Ephesians 4:1-4) (4:32). St. Paul also teaches us to value … Continue reading


Could St. Joseph have conjugal relationships with Holy Mary?

Some claim, “yes, he could and actually had – after all, they were married, there is nothing wrong with that”. But the actual answer is that St. Joseph didn’t and he couldn’t! St. Joseph received from God the mission to … Continue reading

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Does God choose the Pope?

Catholic Apologists Patrick Madrid and Jimmy Akin have similar views regarding the position that God does not choose each and every validly elected Pope. Patrick Madrid teaches that the Church has not taught that the Holy Spirit (God) chooses the … Continue reading

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Why baptizing babies or little children?

The formal Sacrament of Baptism is done, not because of what we can do, or able to do, but because of what this Sacrament does to us, because of its effects on us. It is like a vaccine that cures … Continue reading

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Not to judge, or do not judge me?

When some people receive correction, which by the way, is one of the spiritual works of mercy, they come up with a phrase like “you are not supposed to judge me”, “you are judging me”, “do not judge”, “it’s not … Continue reading

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Do we worship a pagan idol referred as the Queen of Heaven?

Just because Mary has the title of “Queen of Heaven” for being the mother of the King of the Kingdom of Heaven (John 18:36), that doesn’t mean that she is the pagan goddess or idol mentioned in (Jer 7:18) (44:17-25). … Continue reading


Why calling Mary our Mother?

The Virgin Mary is our mother because we are the mystical body of Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 12:27) and Mary is the mother of that Jesus whom we are members of. The body cannot be separated from its Head (Col … Continue reading

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