Brothers All encyclical is here. It contains plenty for the papal accusers to use to accuse the Pope again of heresy and of being part of a secret plan of one world religion and freemasons and all the other ridiculous conspiracy theories.
But he did not address the doctrinal issue of salvation for non-Christians, as I had hoped. It is implicitly addressed only.
He did fight back against the critics of Human Fraternity. He stated that the Tower of Babel story is one of sinful pride, implying that the diversity of languages is only permitted by God. This undercuts the argument of his accusers, who say that all the other items in the list of diversities willed by God are positively willed. No. The diversity of languages, which offers many goods, was initiated by divisions caused by pride. So God brought good out of that sinful pride, by the benefits of different languages to express different points of view. But the event at the beginning was of sinful pride, and so was only permissively willed.
He also reasserts Human Fraternity, in an encyclical, thereby making Human Fraternity now clearly a document of the papal Magisterium.
He asserts more clearly that the Church must reject the death penalty. But he in no way claims it is intrinsically evil, but only that the circumstances are such that it is not necessary. (I disagree in his evaluation of the circumstances.) But he is right that the death penalty is always, in my words, of the fallen state and therefore always morally inadequate. It is always a result of many grave sins, not only the grave sins of the criminal, but also the grave sins of society, which provided the “fertile” soil for crimes to rise up.
Freedom of religion is a “fundamental human right” — something the papal accusers deny.
“And God’s love is the same for everyone, regardless of religion. Even if they are atheists, his love is the same.”
This encyclical will rekindle the conflict between the papal accusers and the Pope. But unfortunately, it does not clarify Church teaching on salvation for non-Christians, as I had hoped and predicted.
I am disappointed in one thing, that the encyclical never uses the word Muslim or the word Islam, but instead references that religion by words such as Crusades and Sultan and the Grand Imam. Why?